Peter Higgs

220px-Higgs,_Peter_(1929)3Peter Ware Higgs (British; born 29 May 1929) Physicist, Nobel Prize laureate and emeritus professor at the University of Edinburgh. He is best known for his 1960s proposal of broken symmetry in electroweak theory, explaining the origin of mass of elementary particles in general and of the W and Z bosons in particular. This so-called Higgs mechanism, which was proposed by several physicists besides Higgs at about the same time, predicts the existence of a new particle, the Higgs boson (which was often described as “the most sought-after particle in modern physics”). CERN announced on 4 July 2012 that they had experimentally established the existence of a Higgs-like boson. The Higgs mechanism is generally accepted as an important ingredient in the Standard Model of particle physics, without which certain particles would have no mass. Read more…

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