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Gerard 't Hooft

190px-Gerard_'t_HooftGerardus (Gerard) 't Hooft (Dutch; born July 5, 1946) Theoretical physicist and professor at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. He shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics with his thesis advisor Martinus J. G. Veltman "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions". His work concentrates on gauge theory, black holes, quantum gravity and fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. His contributions to physics include a proof that gauge theories are renormalizable, dimensional regularization, and the holographic principle. Read More...


Lisa Randall

200px-Lisa-randall-at-ted-croppedLisa Randall (American; born June 18, 1962) Theoretical physicist and leading expert on particle physics and cosmology. She is the Frank B. Baird, Jr. Professor of Science on the physics faculty of Harvard University. Her research includes elementary particles and fundamental forces and she has developed and studied a wide variety of models, the most recent involving extra dimensions of space. She has advanced the understanding and testing of the Standard Model, supersymmetry, possible solutions to the hierarchy problem concerning the relative weakness of gravity, cosmology of extra dimensions, baryogenesis, cosmological inflation, and dark matter. Her best-known contribution is the Randall–Sundrum model, first published in 1999 with Raman Sundrum. Read More...


Leonard Susskind

LeonardSusskindStanfordNov2013Leonard Susskind (American; born June 1940) Theoretical Physics at Stanford University, and Director of the Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics. His research interests include string theory, quantum field theory, quantum statistical mechanics and quantum cosmology. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, an associate member of the faculty of Canada's Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, and a distinguished professor of the Korea Institute for Advanced Study. Susskind is widely regarded as one of the fathers of string theory, having, with Yoichiro Nambu and Holger Bech Nielsen, independently introduced the idea that particles could in fact be states of excitation of a relativistic string. He was the first to introduce the idea of the string theory landscape in 2003. Read more...


Toshihide Maskawa

220px-Toshihide_Masukawa-press_conference_Dec_07th,_2008-2Toshihide Maskawa (Japan; born February 7, 1940) Theoretical physicist known for his work on CP-violation who was awarded one quarter of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature." Read more...


Steven Weinberg

220px-Steven_weinberg_2010Steven Weinberg (American; born May 3, 1933) Physicist and Nobel laureate in Physics for his contributions with Abdus Salam and Sheldon Glashow to the unification of the weak force and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles. He holds the Josey Regental Chair in Science at the University of Texas at Austin, where he is a member of the Physics and Astronomy Departments. His research on elementary particles and cosmology has been honored with numerous prizes and awards, including in 1979 the Nobel Prize in Physics and in 1991 the National Medal of Science. In 2004 he received the Benjamin Franklin Medal of the American Philosophical Society, with a citation that said he is "considered by many to be the preeminent theoretical physicist alive in the world today." He has been elected to the US National Academy of Sciences and Britain's Royal Society, as well as to the American Philosophical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Read more...


Roger Penrose

260px-Roger_Penrose-6Nov2005Sir Roger Penrose (English; born 8 August 1931), Mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science. He is the Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at the Mathematical Institute of the University of Oxford, as well as an Emeritus Fellow of Wadham College. Penrose is known for his work in mathematical physics, in particular for his contributions to general relativity and cosmology. He has received a number of prizes and awards, including the 1988 Wolf Prize for physics, which he shared with Stephen Hawking for their contribution to our understanding of the universe. Read more...


Peter Higgs

220px-Higgs,_Peter_(1929)3Peter Ware Higgs (British; born 29 May 1929) Physicist, Nobel Prize laureate and emeritus professor at the University of Edinburgh. He is best known for his 1960s proposal of broken symmetry in electroweak theory, explaining the origin of mass of elementary particles in general and of the W and Z bosons in particular. This so-called Higgs mechanism, which was proposed by several physicists besides Higgs at about the same time, predicts the existence of a new particle, the Higgs boson (which was often described as "the most sought-after particle in modern physics"). CERN announced on 4 July 2012 that they had experimentally established the existence of a Higgs-like boson. The Higgs mechanism is generally accepted as an important ingredient in the Standard Model of particle physics, without which certain particles would have no mass. Read more...


Murray Gell-Mann

270px-Murray_Gell-Mann_-_World_Economic_Forum_Annual_Meeting_2012Murray Gell-Mann (American; born September 15, 1929) Physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the theory of elementary particles. He is the Robert Andrews Millikan Professor of Theoretical Physics Emeritus at the California Institute of Technology, a Distinguished Fellow and co-founder of the Santa Fe Institute, Professor in the Physics and Astronomy Department of the University of New Mexico, and the Presidential Professor of Physics and Medicine at the University of Southern California. Read more...


Freeman Dyson

200px-Freeman_DysonFreeman John Dyson (American; born December 15, 1923) Freeman Dyson is not one man but ten. Apart from his critical work on quantum electrodynamics Dyson has been involved in designing nuclear reactors and rocketships, in securing a limited test ban treaty and keeping tactical nuclear weapons out of Vietnam, in proposing a novel theory for the origin of life, and in launching the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. He helped create adaptive optics and originated the study of the cosmos in the distant future. Dyson is also an outspoken speaker on topics such as climate change, biotechnology, and the prospective human migration into space. A modern day Renaissance man. Read more...


Chen-Ning Yang

160px-CNYangChen-Ning Franklin Yang (Chinese-American; October 1, 1922) also known as Yang Zhenning, is a Physicist who works on statistical mechanics and particle physics. He and Tsung-dao Lee received the 1957 Nobel prize in physics for their work on parity non conservation of weak interaction, proved experimentally that one of the basic quantum-mechanics laws, called the conservation of parity, is violated in the so-called weak nuclear reactions, those nuclear processes that result in the emission of beta or alpha particles of nuclear's radioactivities reactions. Read more...


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